Germany becomes too dangerous for the Frank family.

Emigration plans

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Otto and Edith Frank look for ways of leaving Germany. In early March 1933 they reach a decision: through his brother-in-law Erich Elias (his sister Helene’s husband) Otto is given an opportunity to set up a company in the Netherlands.

'We too might move on'

An exhibition from 2012 on the futile attempts to flee the Netherlands of the Frank family, the Van Pelses and Fritz Pfeffer.

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'Criminals'

Looking back, Otto Frank writes in a letter after the war: “Because so many of my German countryman were turning into hordes of nationalistic, cruel, antisemitic criminals, I had to face the consequences, and though this did hurt me deeply, I realized that Germany was not the world and I left my country forever.”  (Source: Cara Weiss Wilson, Dear Cara: Letters from Otto Frank.)

 

Passport photo On 10 March 1933, in a department store, Edith had a passport photo taken of herself with her daughters.

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