Four employees of Otto Frank supply food, clothing and moral support.

The Helpers

Otto Frank and the Helpers A photo taken in October 1945. From left to right: Miep Gies, Johannes Kleiman, Otto Frank, Victor Kugler, and Bep Voskuijl.
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"They come upstairs every day and talk to the men about business and politics, to the women about food and wartime difficulties and to the children about books and newspapers. They put on their most cheerful expressions, bring flowers and gifts for birthdays and holidays and are always ready to do what they can." Anne Frank

Who is who?

The people in hiding and their helpers.

Main characters

Four Employees

The people in hiding are helped by Otto Frank’s four employees: Miep Gies, Johannes Kleiman, Victor Kugler and Bep Voskuijl. Miep’s husband Jan Gies helps too; and Bep’s father Jan Voskuijl is also involved.More

The four helpers with Otto

Many tasks

The helpers arrange food, clothes, books and all sorts of other necessities. In addition, they keep the people in hiding up-to-date with the news from Amsterdam.More

Miep's shopping list

Margot Frank is called up She has to go to a labour camp in Germany

On 5 July 1942, Margot Frank is called up, along with thousands of other Jews in Amsterdam...

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In hiding No one knows how long they’ll have to stay hidden

From Monday July 6, 1942 the Frank family goes into hiding...

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Boekenkast

The hiding place A bookcase hides the entrance

The hiding place at 263 Prinsengracht is relatively spacious. There is enough room for two families.

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Tension and arguments Sometimes, emotions run high

Eight people, living in extremely cramped quarters, in a stifling Secret Annex… the tension is unbearable...

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Daily activities Reading and studying help pass the time

The people in hiding are on a tight schedule.

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The war rages on The helpers, and the radio, deliver updates

'Today I have nothing but dismal and depressing news to report...

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