During the journey home, Otto Frank hears that his wife Edith has died.

Back in Amsterdam

Carte de Rapatrié Otto Frank needed this document, a Repatriation Card, to travel through France on his way back to the Netherlands.
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Otto and the other prisoners can't start making their way back to the Netherlands until 21 May 1945.

After the war

The war is over, and Otto returns as the only survivor of the eight people in hiding

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Otto Frank

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Letter to his mother

A few days later, he writes his first letter to his mother in Switzerland: “I hope that these lines get to you bringing you and and all the ones I love news that I have been saved by the Russians, that I am well, and being looked after well in every respect. Where Edith and the children are I do not know. We have been apart since 5 September 1944. I merely heard that they had been transported to Germany.”

Auschwitz in the snow On January 27, 1945, Russian soldiers liberate Auschwitz. There are only 7650 survivors.

The journey back

On May 21, 1945, Otto and other prisoners can finally begin their journey back to the Netherlands. It is a long trip via Odessa, by boat to Marseille, and the last leg by train and car. During this trip, Otto hears that his wife has died in Auschwitz. Otto Frank arrives back in Amsterdam on June 3, 1945. He immediately goes to Miep and Jan Gies’ home. They are overjoyed to see him again. They tell him that all of the helpers have survived the war. They have no news of Anne and Margot.

No house to live in

"My first path was to Miep and her husband and, because I no longer had a home, I stayed there. It was then that I discovered that she and Bep had never been arrested and that my friends Kleiman and Kugler had come back from the concentration camps to which they had been sent. We all had lots of stories of our sad experiences - they mourned the death of my wife with me - but we were hopeful that the children would return."

Anne Frank's Amsterdam: Otto returns to a city that will never be the same again.

Back in Amsterdam During this trip, Otto hears that his wife has died

Otto Frank arrives back in Amsterdam on June 3, 1945. He immediately goes to Miep and Jan Gies’ home.

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Searching Otto briefly clings to the hope that his daughters might still be alive

Otto Frank does everything he can to find out what has happened to his two daughters.

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Otto reads Anne's diary He's greatly surprised by his daughter

Otto first mentions the diary to his mother in a letter.

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Otto Frank’s nationality Otto Frank chose to become a Dutch citizen

In the summer of 1933 Otto Frank was recorded in the Amsterdam population register as a German citizen...

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