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1948 - 1949 The diary is published Previous Next
© European Navigator

The Treaty of Brussels, 17 March 1948.

Aimed at halting the spread of communism in Europe it focused on economic, social, cultural and military cooperation.

The treaty was signed by France, United Kingdom, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxemburg.

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1914 - 1918 The Franks during the First World War

Otto Frank and his brothers are called up to fight on the Western Front for the German army. Their mother and sister volunteer to work in a Frankfurt military hospital. All survive this destructive conflict which ultimately results in another world war.

1914 - 1918  The Franks during the First World War

1919 - 1925 A family business

Life returns to normal after the war and Otto manages the family owned bank. As Germany’s Weimar Republic is plunged into an economic and political crisis, civilian unrest increases and the seeds for the Nazi party and Hitler’s rise to power are sown.
1919 - 1925  A family business

1925 - 1929 Otto and Edith marry

Otto Frank meets Edith Holländer, and they marry in the synagogue in Aachen. As the political situation in Germany worsens the Nazi party gains more support. Hitler’s plans for Germany and ideas about race are published in Mein Kampf (My Struggle).
1925 - 1929  Otto and Edith marry

1929 - 1933 Anne Frank’s birth

In a world on the brink of economic crisis Anne Frank is born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany on 12 June 1929. Her sister Margot is 3 years old.

1929 - 1933  Anne Frank’s birth

1933 - 1941 Emigrating to The Netherlands

Hitler comes to power. Otto and Edith Frank are convinced that they will be safe in Amsterdam from the antisemitism in Nazi Germany. Otto establishes his business, the children go to school, life resumes a normality as Europe rumbles towards war.

1933 - 1941  Emigrating to The Netherlands

1940 - 1942 The German invasion

May 1940, Germany invades The Netherlands, Belgium and France. Registration of the Jews is the first step taken in isolating them. As a Jew, Otto is no longer allowed to own a business, so he appoints Jo Kleiman as director.

1940 - 1942  The German invasion

1942 - 1944 The hiding place

Margot’s call up to report for work duty speeds up plans to go into hiding in Otto’s business premises. His employees are responsible for the family’s and their friends’ well being in the secret annex. Allied gains give those in hiding hope of liberation.

1942 - 1944  The hiding place

1944 - 1945 The Arrest

Betrayal leads to the arrest of those in hiding and they are all deported to extermination camps. Kleiman and Kugler are punished with imprisonment for their role as helpers while Miep and Bep remain behind and wait.

1944 - 1945  The Arrest

1945 - 1948 Otto returns

Germany surrenders, the war ends and Europe is free but in ruins. Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam, picks up the threads of his life and mourns for his family. He is not the only one, gradually the scale of the mass murder of the Jews becomes clear.

1945 - 1948  Otto returns

1947 - 1957 The diary is published

Otto Frank fulfills Anne’s wish and publishes the diary. Translated into many languages and adapted for the stage her story reaches and touches people all over the world.

1947 - 1957  The diary is published

1957 - 1960 Saved from Demolition

The secret annex is crumbling and deserted but the Anne Frank House is founded to save it from demolition. The film "Diary of Anne Frank" by George Stevens receives a number of Oscars and makes Anne Frank internationally better known. European cooperation leads to the formation of the EEC.

1960 - 1969 The Anne Frank House opens

The Secret Annex where Anne Frank wrote her diary becomes a museum. It attracts a huge amount of interest as Anne and her diary become known worldwide and the man responsible for the arrest of those in hiding is discovered.

1960 - 1969  The Anne Frank House opens

1970 - 1986 Closed for restoration

Growing visitor numbers result in the second but only major renovation to close the museum. This period sees the first international Anne Frank exhibition and is marked by Otto Frank’s death.

1986 - 1999 Proof of authenticity

A critical edition of the diary puts to rest allegations of forgery. The museum undergoes more renovation to serve ever growing public interest.

1999 - 2010 Renewed, restored and renovated

A lengthy project completely renews the Anne Frank House and the museum is officially opened by Queen Beatrix of The Netherlands.

1999 - 2010  Renewed, restored and renovated

2010 - 2013 50 years as a museum

The Anne Frank House celebrates its 50th anniversary. A new virtual museum allows people from all over the world to ‘visit’ online. Miep Gies dies aged 100. The Anne Frank tree falls during a summer storm.

2010 - 2013  50 years as a museum

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